The Geological and Mining Institute of Spain is a Public Research Organization, with the character of an autonomous body, attached to the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities. IGME was created with the denomination of “Commission for the Geological Charter of Madrid and General of the Kingdom”, by Royal Decree of July 12, 1849. Later, in 1910, IGME was renamed the Geological Institute of Spain, and in 1927 it was reorganized, modernizes the laboratories, is installed in its current headquarters, and acquires the name of Geological and Mining Institute of Spain.